PM Modi Unveils Names of Four Gaganyaan Mission Astronauts at ISRO Center in Kerala

Prime Minister Narendra Modi introduced the world to the four astronauts-elect chosen for the Gaganyaan mission: Group Captain Prashanth Nair, Group Captain Angad Prathap, Group Captain Ajit Krishnan, and Wing Commander Shubhanshu Shukla. All four, who were short-listed four years ago, are Indian Air Force (IAF) test pilots from the Aircraft and Systems Testing Establishment (ASTE) in Bengaluru.

Initially, a significant number of test pilots had volunteered for the astronaut program, with 12 making it past the first selection level completed in September 2019. After rigorous rounds of selection, the Institute of Aerospace Medicine (IAM) and Isro finalized the quartet.

The journey to this point has seen setbacks, including the omission of a previously indicated test pilot, Chavan. However, the focus remains on the achievements and dedication of the chosen four.

Isro chairman S Somanath highlighted the completion of significant projects on time, marking substantial additions to Isro’s infrastructure. These projects include the PSLV integration facility, semi-cryogenics integrated engine and stage test facility, and Trisonic wind tunnel.

The path to selection involved extensive training, including a stint in Russia, despite delays induced by Covid-19. The four astronauts-elect have been undergoing various training modules in India, supported by partnerships with multiple agencies and armed forces.

PM Modi emphasized the need for cooperation and support for the astronauts-elect, acknowledging their sacrifices and the challenges ahead. He reiterated India’s commitment to indigenization in the space sector, fostering scientific temper, and empowering women in STEM.

Furthermore, PM Modi outlined ambitious plans for India’s space exploration, including returning to the Moon, exploring Venus, establishing a space station by 2035, and sending an Indian astronaut to the Moon using indigenous spacecraft and rocket by the Amrit Kaal.

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Chandryaan on google doodle

Chandrayaan-3’s Historic Landing Celebrated with Google Doodle

New Delhi: Today’s Google Doodle marks a historic moment in space exploration as it celebrates the first-ever landing on the moon’s south pole by the Chandrayaan-3 space mission!

The Chandrayaan-3 spacecraft, a testament to India’s space prowess, embarked on its journey from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota Range, Andhra Pradesh, India, on July 14, 2023. After an awe-inspiring voyage, it successfully made a soft landing near the lunar south pole region on August 23, 2023. This achievement is a giant leap for not only India but for humanity as a whole.

Moon landings are nothing short of extraordinary, and prior to Chandrayaan-3’s triumph, only the United States, China, and the former Soviet Union had achieved soft landings on the moon. However, no country had ventured to the challenging southern pole region until now.

Chandrayaan-3’s Historic Landing Celebrated with Google DoodleThe moon’s south pole has long captivated the curiosity of space explorers due to the suspicion of ice deposits nestled within permanently shadowed craters. Chandrayaan-3 has confirmed this speculation, revealing the presence of valuable resources such as air, water, and even hydrogen rocket fuel. This discovery opens up exciting possibilities for future lunar missions and human space exploration.

As Chandrayaan-3 touched down on the lunar surface, it conveyed a message back to Earth: “India, I reached my destination and you too!” India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi extended his heartfelt congratulations to the scientists at the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), acknowledging that this success is a triumph for all of humanity. He emphasized that it will pave the way for future moon missions worldwide and inspire nations to aim higher and explore beyond the skies.

The Doodle commemorates this momentous achievement in space exploration history, as Chandrayaan-3 sets a new standard for lunar exploration and reaffirms that the sky is not the limit.

Congratulations to the Chandrayaan-3 space mission! The world is over the moon for you!

Read Related News below:

India Makes History with Successful Chandrayaan-3 Moon Landing

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Chandrayaan-3 Landed

India Makes History with Successful Chandrayaan-3 Moon Landing

New Delhi: India has etched its name in the annals of space exploration history as it achieved an unprecedented feat by becoming the first country to land on the South Pole of the lunar surface. Prime Minister Narendra Modi extended his heartfelt congratulations to the nation and the dedicated team of space scientists who worked tirelessly to make this achievement possible. “India will remember this day forever,” PM Modi declared.

The ultimate challenge of the Chandrayaan-3 mission commenced during the critical final phase of the landing. Approximately 20 minutes prior to landing, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) initiated the Automatic Landing Sequence (ALS). This groundbreaking feature empowered the Vikram Lunar Module (LM) to take control of its destiny. It relied on its onboard computers and intricate algorithms to pinpoint a suitable landing site and execute a gentle touchdown on the lunar surface.

Experts emphasize that the last 15 to 20 minutes of the mission were pivotal to its success as Chandrayaan-3’s Vikram lander descended gracefully to achieve a soft lunar landing. Millions of Indians, along with space enthusiasts around the globe, offered their prayers for the triumphant landing of Chandrayaan-3. Today, the nation celebrates this historic moment that propels India further into the realm of space exploration.

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Countdown to Chandrayaan-3 Landing

New Delhi: As D-day approaches for the much-anticipated soft landing of India’s third moon mission, Chandrayaan-3, 1.4 billion Indians hold their collective breath. People across the nation are offering prayers for a successful mission by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). The scheduled time for Chandrayaan-3’s soft landing on the moon’s south pole is 18:04 IST on August 23, 2023, with the powered descent of the Vikram lander expected at 17:45 IST.

The live telecast of the landing operations at the Mission Operation Complex (MOX) will commence at 17:20 IST on Wednesday. Live coverage of the landing will be available on the ISRO website, its YouTube channel, Facebook, and the public broadcaster DD National TV from 17:27 IST on August 23, 2023.

In its latest update on Chandrayaan-3’s soft landing, ISRO has confirmed that the mission is proceeding as planned, with systems undergoing regular checks. Additionally, ISRO released a series of up-close images of the moon, aiding the lander module in determining its position (latitude and longitude) by matching them against an onboard moon reference map.

If successful, this mission will make India the only country to land on the lunar south pole, known for its rough and challenging conditions. It would also be India’s fourth successful moon landing, following the United States, China, and Russia.

Traditionally, lunar missions have targeted the equatorial region due to its favorable terrain and operating conditions. However, the lunar south pole presents significantly more challenging terrain. All eyes are on Chandrayaan-3, especially after Russia’s Luna-25 mission recently failed. Let’s take a look at the sequence of India’s mission since its launch 41 days ago.

The spacecraft was launched from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Andhra Pradesh’s Sriharikota on July 14. It was carried into orbit by a GSLV Mark 3 (LVM 3) heavy-lift launch vehicle. On August 5, it was successfully inserted into lunar orbit, after which it underwent a series of orbital maneuvers to bring it closer to the moon’s surface.

ISRO has consistently reported that the spacecraft’s health remains “normal” since the July 14 launch. On August 17, a significant milestone was achieved as the ‘Vikram’ lander module successfully separated from the propulsion module. The lander is named after Vikram Sarabhai, widely regarded as the father of the Indian space program.

Following this, the lander module underwent a two-phase deboosting process to position itself in an orbit with the closest point to the moon. Chandrayaan-3 aims for a safe and soft landing on the lunar surface, with a rover for in-situ scientific experiments. The mission’s approved cost is Rs 250 crores (excluding launch vehicle cost).

Chandrayaan-3’s development began in January 2020, with an initial launch planned for 2021. However, the COVID-19 pandemic caused unforeseen delays. Astro-scientists believe that Chandrayaan-2’s mapping of the moon’s surface will benefit Chandrayaan-3, as those maps can be used for the soft landing.

Astronomer Priya Hasan noted that Chandrayaan-2, despite being “partially successful” due to a lost lander, has played a critical role. The Chandrayaan-2 orbiter, still in lunar orbit, established two-way communication with the Chandrayaan-3 lander module earlier this week, aiding the current mission.

The world watches with bated breath as India aims to achieve another remarkable milestone in its space exploration journey.

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